Słowniczek – Spektrum Radiowym

Słowniczek – Spektrum Radiowym

By frequency:

Band nameAbbreviationITU bandFrequency
and
wavelength in air
Example uses
Tremendously low frequencyTLF< 3 Hz
> 100,000 km
Natural and artificial electromagnetic noise
Extremely low frequencyELF3–30 Hz
100,000 km – 10,000 km
Communication with submarines
Super low frequencySLF30–300 Hz
10,000 km – 1000 km
Communication with submarines
Ultra low frequencyULF300–3000 Hz
1000 km – 100 km
Submarine communication, communication within mines
Very low frequencyVLF43–30 kHz
100 km – 10 km
Navigation, time signals, submarine communication, wireless heart rate monitors, geophysics
Low frequencyLF530–300 kHz
10 km – 1 km
Navigation, time signals, AM longwave broadcasting (Europe and parts of Asia), RFID, amateur radio
Medium frequencyMF6300–3000 kHz
1 km – 100 m
AM (medium-wave) broadcasts, amateur radio, avalanche beacons
High frequencyHF73–30 MHz
100 m – 10 m
Shortwave broadcasts, citizens’ band radio, amateur radio and over-the-horizon aviation communications, RFID, over-the-horizon radar, automatic link establishment (ALE) / near-vertical incidence skywave (NVIS) radio communications, marine and mobile radio telephony
Very high frequencyVHF830–300 MHz
10 m – 1 m
FM, television broadcasts and line-of-sight ground-to-aircraft and aircraft-to-aircraft communications, land mobile and maritime mobile communications, amateur radio, weather radio
Ultra high frequencyUHF9300–3000 MHz
1 m – 100 mm
Television broadcasts, microwave oven, microwave devices/communications, radio astronomy, mobile phones, wireless LAN, Bluetooth, ZigBee, GPS and two-way radios such as land mobile, FRS and GMRS radios, amateur radio
Super high frequencySHF103–30 GHz
100 mm – 10 mm
Radio astronomy, microwave devices/communications, wireless LAN, most modern radars, communications satellites, satellite television broadcasting, DBS, amateur radio
Extremely high frequencyEHF1130–300 GHz
10 mm – 1 mm
Radio astronomy, high-frequency microwave radio relay, microwave remote sensing, amateur radio, directed-energy weapon, millimeter wave scanner
Terahertz or Tremendously high frequencyTHz or THF12300–3,000 GHz
1 mm – 100 μm
Terahertz imaging – a potential replacement for X-rays in some medical applications, ultrafast molecular dynamics, condensed-matter physics, terahertz time-domain spectroscopy, terahertz computing/communications, sub-mm remote sensing, amateur radio

ITU radio bands:

Band NumberSymbolsFrequency RangeWavelength Range†
4VLF3 to 30 kHz10 to 100 km
5LF30 to 300 kHz1 to 10 km
6MF300 to 3000 kHz100 to 1000 m
7HF3 to 30 MHz10 to 100 m
8VHF30 to 300 MHz1 to 10 m
9UHF300 to 3000 MHz10 to 100 cm
10SHF3 to 30 GHz1 to 10 cm
11EHF30 to 300 GHz1 to 10 mm
12THF300 to 3000 GHz0.1 to 1 mm

[IEEE] – Radar-frequency bands according to IEEE standard:

Band
designation
Frequency range [citation needed]
HF3 to 30 MHzHigh Frequency[7]
VHF30 to 300 MHzVery High Frequency[7]
UHF300 to 1000 MHzUltra High Frequency[7]
L1 to 2 GHzLong wave
S2 to 4 GHzShort wave
C4 to 8 GHzCompromise between S and X
X8 to 12 GHzUsed in WW II for fire control, X for cross (as in crosshair). Exotic.[8]
Ku12 to 18 GHzKurz-under
K18 to 27 GHzGerman Kurz (short)
Ka27 to 40 GHzKurz-above
V40 to 75 GHz
W75 to 110 GHzW follows V in the alphabet
mm110 to 300 GHz​[note 1]Millimeter[6]

EU, NATO, US ECM frequency designations: Radar-frequency bands as defined by NATO for ECM systems:

BandFrequency range
A band0 to 0.25 GHz
B band0.25 to 0.5 GHz
C band0.5 to 1.0 GHz
D band1 to 2 GHz
E band2 to 3 GHz
F band3 to 4 GHz
G band4 to 6 GHz
H band6 to 8 GHz
I band8 to 10 GHz
J band10 to 20 GHz
K band20 to 40 GHz
L band40 to 60 GHz
M band60 to 100 GHz

Waveguide frequency bands:

BandFrequency range [10]
R band1.70 to 2.60 GHz
D band2.20 to 3.30 GHz
S band2.60 to 3.95 GHz
E band3.30 to 4.90 GHz
G band3.95 to 5.85 GHz
F band4.90 to 7.05 GHz
C band5.85 to 8.20 GHz
H band7.05 to 10.10 GHz
X band8.2 to 12.4 GHz
Ku band12.4 to 18.0 GHz
K band15.0 to 26.5 GHz
Ka band26.5 to 40.0 GHz
Q band33 to 50 GHz
U band40 to 60 GHz
V band50 to 75 GHz
W band75 to 110 GHz
F band90 to 140 GHz
D band110 to 170 GHz
Y band325 to 500 GHz

Comparison of radio band designation standards:

FrequencyIEEE[6]EU,
NATO,
US ECM
ITU
no.abbr.
ATLF
3 Hz1ELF
30 Hz2SLF
300 Hz3ULF
3 kHz4VLF
30 kHz5LF
300 kHz6MF
3 MHzHF7HF
30 MHzVHF8VHF
250 MHzB
300 MHzUHF9UHF
500 MHzC
1 GHzLD
2 GHzSE
3 GHzF10SHF
4 GHzCG
6 GHzH
8 GHzXI
10 GHzJ
12 GHzKu
18 GHzK
20 GHzK
27 GHzKa
30 GHz11EHF
40 GHzVL
60 GHzM
75 GHzW
100 GHz
110 GHzmm
300 GHz12THF
3 THz

Chcesz wiedzieć więcej, przejdź do wikipedii thru poniższego linku: Radio spectrum

 
 
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